Geographically Chhattisgarh is very unique in its own way. It borders Maharashtra on the west, MP on the northwest, Orissa on the east, Jharkhand on the northeast, Andhra Pradesh on the south and UP on the north.
The north and south parts of the state are hilly, while a fertile plain covers its central part. The northern part of the state lies on the edge of the Indo-Gangetic plains whereas a tributary of Ganges River , Rihand drains the area. The Satpura Range on the eastern end and Chhota Nagpur Plateau divides the Mahanadi river basin from the Indo-Gangetic plain on the western side.
The fertile upper basin of the Mahanadi and its tributaries cover the central part of the state, which helps in extensive rice cultivation. Miakal range separates the Upper Mahanadi basin from Upper Narmada basin to the west. Deccan Plateau covers the southern part of the state, in the watershed of the Godavari River. Mahanadi is the chief river of the state. Other main rivers are Hasdo, Rihand, Indravati, Jonk and Arpa.
Chhattisgarh is the abode of the country’s most dense forests, which support rich wild life and abundant resources. Nearly 80% of the total population depends on it.