Family Tree of Saryupareen Brahmins
The family tree of Saryupareen Brahmins consists of ten branches
A Chaturvedi also (somewhat derogatively) known as Chaubey (from Sanskrit caturvedin from catur "four" and vedin "knowing", also caturvidya) is one who is a master of all four Vedas
Dixit (or Dikshit or Dikshitar) is a Hindu family name. The word Dixit has its roots in the Sanskrit word diksha meaning religious initiations. Dikshit in Sanskrit derives itself as a person or priest involved in such initiations or a scholar in religious scriptures.
The surnames Dwivedi, Trivedi and Chaturvedi are open to different interpretations.
Dwivedi: DAIV + VEDI
Daiv: Spiritual, related to the GOD
Vedi: One who knows about.
Thus DWIVEDI means a person who knows about GOD.
Similarly: Trivedi never means one who has learnt three Vedas. According to Hinduism, a Brahmin must read all the four Vedas.
Tri: All the three
Vedi: Who knows
Thus Trivedi means one who knows about all the three (Past, Present & Future). In that time a "Jyotishi" was called Trivedi.
Dwivedi (dwi = two (also second), vedi = one who has learned the Vedas), is an Indian Brahmin surname, indicating that the holder's forbears were proficient in the second out of the four Vedas (including the vedic branch one is born into).
Another commonly used surname, Dubey is also used for dwivedi.
Dwivedi may also mean a person who has the knowledge of two Vedas. For example, a person might have the knowledge of Rigveda and Yajurveda, and hence called a Dwivedi. Similarly for three Vedas Trivedi and all four: Chaturvedi. Also, Samvedi surname exists, where the person is said to have the knowledge of one Veda. Dwivedi is a surname of sarswat, kanyakubj , saryupari or sanadhya Brahmins of north India mostly found in Rajasthan, U P, Bihar and punjab. In district Gorakhpur, hoshiarpur of punjab there are some villages eg(Budhi Pind) where brahmins are predominantly of surname Dwivedi/Dubey .
"Mishra" is a word from the Sanskrit language meaning "mixed, mingled, or blended".
"Mishra" or Misra is also an Indian surname, normally associated with the Brahmin mostly it is similar to or Maitreya or Maitra or Maitri friend Mishra and written in devnagri script look almost identical and both have same meaning. It is one of the most widespread Brahmin surnames in the fertile gangetic plain region and in the Indian states of Panjab, Orissa, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Rajasthan , Assam and West Bengal. It is also found in countries such as Guyana and Trinidad and Tobago under the anglicized version of Misir, where many Mishras were taken to work on sugar plantations due to their agricultural prowess and skills in other fields. Stories say that even Britishers used to call Mishra my sir hence Misir and Mishra. The surname is also found in Fiji and Mauritius, as well as in other Indian diaspora communities. It is one of the most common surnames among the Brahmins in India.
The term Ojha is a surname for SaruParin\Kankubj Brahmin castes of India and Nepal. The term is used amongst speakers of Hindi, Oriya and Bengali, as well as amongst the Santals. This term has been derived from Sanskrit over time. Literal translations vary, but one such example is "he who controls the spirits on Earth".
Ojhas belong to the first caste, the spirit leaders and teachers, placed even above the King (who always comes off the second caste of kings and warriors). First caste is the enlightenment and inner development specialists. Including exorcism (driving out evil spirits), Ojha can also be a healer, or a teacher, such as of a religious dance. Right now there are still many Ojhas practicing their traditional occupations, such as astrology too.
Prominently Ojhas are located in UP and Bihar. But you can find them in Bengal, Orrisa and Gujrat as well. Main profession of this community revolves around education. OJHAs are not the MATHILs. basically they are divided into two categories
they come at top level of Brahmin's community
Shukla is Sanskrit for "white" and is also found as a surname in northern India and many arab countries. The term is used in various contexts in Hindu and Muslim culture:
- The bright lunar fortnight (shukl paksh), as opposed to "krishna," (krishna paksh) the dark phase.
- the White Yajurveda
Shukla is a sur-name in both Hindu and Muslim areas.
Pathak is a community belongs to Brahmin Pandits. 'Pathak' surname is generally prevalent in Bihar, Gujarat, Maharashtra, Rajasthan, UP and Kumaon of Uttarakhand.
Brahmin, in Hinduism, refers to the class of educators and preachers. It is considered to be the highest class according to Hindu Dharma. There have been many references in the Ramayana and Mahabharata, about the importance of a brahmin. In vedic period, the brahmins preferred isolation and solely dedicated their life to propagate knowledge and dharma.
Pandey or Pande (Dev. पाण्डेय pāṇḍeya; also पाण्डे pāṇḍey) is a surname found primarily among the Brahmin caste communities of India and Nepal.
Derivation:It is most likely that it is derived from the Sanskrit word paṇḍita (पण्डित), which refers to a 'learned man' or 'scholar'. The sanskrit word Panditya means "Expertise"
Tiwari is a Hindu Brahmin surname found mostly in the Northern and Central parts of India and Nepal. Its other forms are Tewari, Tewary, Tiwary, Tewaree, and Tewarey. It is derived from Trivedi which literally means "versed in three vedas".
While Tiwari is common in the states Uttarakhand, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh and Rajasthan, Tripathi is used in (in addition to these states)in Orissa, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh and Maharastra. The density of Tiwari (and Tripathi) is more among Kanyakubja Brahminss, Bhumihar Brahmins and Saryupareen Brahmins.
The popular belief is that those Brahman families who specialized in all the four vedas came to be known as Chaturvedis ( chatur means four in Sanskrit), those who specialized in three vedas came to be known as Trivedis or Tripathis ( Tri- means three in Sanskrit), Dwivedis specialized in two vedas ( Dwi- meaning two ), those who only studied the vedas but didn't specialize in them came to be known as Pathaks i.e the readers and those who specialized in the Upanishads were known as Upadhyayas.
An Upadhyaya (Sanskrit : upādhyāya) An Upajjhaya will focus on teaching ethics, morality, good manners and decency. Upadhyaya means teacher in Sanskrit.
Upadhyaya or Upadhyay is a surname used by the Brahmins native to Uttar Pradesh,Kumaon in Uttarakhand and Nepal. Traditionally, these Brahmins worked as teachers and priests. Upadhyaya is also the surname of some members of Shivalli Madhwa Brahmins and Havyaka Brahmin's of Karnataka and Audichya Brahmins of Gujarat and Uttar Pradesh states. The Gujarat Brahmins of Shandilya borne are in City of Surat of Gujarat State. Upadhyay is also the surname used by the purbeli ("eastern") Brahmins of Nepal